Lista de Verbos Irregulares | Parte I

Forman el pasado y participio pasado de manera irregular. Para el presente se comportan como los verbos regulares, añadiendo ‘-s’ a la tercera persona singular (excepto ‘to be’ y ‘to have’).

Present Past Past-Participle Traducción

arise arose arisen levantarse, surgir,

awake awoke awoken despertarse

be/am,are,is was/were been ser, estar

bear bore born nacer

beat beat beaten golpear, vencer

become became become llegar a ser…

bend bent bent curvar, doblar

bet bet bet apostar

bind bound bound atar, amarrar

bid bid bid ofertar, pujar

bite bit bitten morder

bleed bled bled sangrar

blow blew blown soplar

break broke broken romper, partir breed bred bred criar (animales)

bring brought brought traer

build built built construir, edificar

burn burnt burnt quemar, arder

burst burst burst reventar, estallar

buy bought bought comprar

cast cast cast lanzar, arrojar, tirar

catch cought cought coger, agarrar

come came come venir

cost cost cost costar

cut cut cut cortar

choose chose chosen elegir, escoger

cling clung clung agarrarse, aferrarse

creep crept crept arrastrar, reptar,

deal dealt dealt tratar, acordar

dig dug dug cavar

do/does did done hacer, preparar

draw drew drawn dibujar, pintar

dream dreamt dreamt soñar

drink drank drunk beber

drive drove driven conducir

eat ate eaten comer

feed fed fed alimentar

feel felt felt sentir

fight fought fought pelear, luchar

flee fled fled huir de…

fly flew flown volar

forbid forbade forbidden prohibir

forget forgot forgotten olvidar

forgive forgave forgiven perdonar, disculpar

freeze froze frozen helar, congelar

get got gotten conseguir, obtener

give gave given dar

go went gonne ir

grind ground ground moler, machacar

have had had tener, haber, poseer

hear heard heard escuchar, oir

hide hid hidden esconder

hit hit hit golpear

hold held held sujetar, agarrar

hurt hurt hurt herir, lesionar

keep kept kept guardar, mantener

know knew known saber, conocer

kneel knelt knelt arrodillarse

knit knit knit tejer, tricotar

lead led led dirigir, guiar,

lean leant leant apoyarse

leap leapt leapt saltar, brincar

learn learnt learnt aprender

leave left eft dejar, (abandonar)

lend lent lent prestar

let let let dejar, permitir

lie lay lain echarse, tenderse

light lit lit encender, alumbrar

lose lost lost perder, extraviar

make made made hacer, fabricar

mean meant meant significar

meet met met conocerse

mistake mistook mistaken equivocar, errar

overcome overcame overcome vencer

pay paid paid pagar

put put put poner, colocar

read read read leer

ring rang rang sonar, tocar

rise rose risen elevarse, levantarse

run ran run correr

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